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5 Nursing Management for Hallucinations

According May Thomas Durant (2004) hallucinations can generally be found in patients with psychiatric disorders such as: skizoprenia, depression, delirium and conditions associated with alcohol use, and environmental substances. Based on the assessment results of mental hospital patients found 85% of patients with hallucinations. So I feel compelled to write the case with the provision of nursing care ranging from assessment to evaluation.

1. Creating a therapeutic environment

To reduce the level of anxiety, panic and fear in patients affected by hallucinations, preferably at the beginning of the approach, carried out on an individual basis and keep the eye contact occurs, if the patient can touch or hold. Patients not in isolation either physically or emotionally. Each nurse came into the room or close to the patient, talk with the patient. So also when it will leave the patient should be notified. The patient was told that action will be undertaken. In that room should provide a means in which to stimulate attention and encourage patients to get in touch with reality, such as wall clocks, pictures or wall hangings, magazines and games.

2. Implement treatment programs doctor

Often patients refuse medication that is given with respect to the stimuli received hallucinations. The approach should be persuasive but instructive. Nurses must observe in order to provide correct drug ingested, as well as drug reactions is given.

3. Explores the problems of patients and help overcome existing problems.

Once the patient is more cooperative and communicative, nurses can explore issues that are causing the patient's hallucinations and help resolve any problems. This data collection can also be through the patient's description of the family or others close to the patient.

4. Giving activity in patients.

Patients were invited to enable themselves to perform physical movements, such as exercising, playing or doing activities. This activity can help steer patients to real life and cultivate relationships with other people. Patients in whom draw up a schedule of activities and choose appropriate activities.

5. Involving the family and other officers in the care process.

The patient's family and other officials should be notified about the patient data so that there is unity and continuity in the opinion of the nursing process, for example from a conversation with the patient in the know when it is alone, he often heard the man mocked. But if there are others nearby voices were not audible. The nurse suggested that the patient should not be alone and get busy in a game or activity there. This conversation should be in the patient's family and let petugaslain not to let the patient alone and advice that is given is not contradictory.