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Functional Health Patterns and 8 Nursing Diagnosis for Asthma

Nursing Care Plan for Asthma : Functional Health Patterns - Nursing Diagnosis

1. Health Perception – Health Management Pattern
  • Clients complain of shortness of breath, coughing, mucus difficult out.
  • Complain easily tired and dizzy.
  • Drug usage data.
  • Clients know / do not know the cause of the attack.
2. Nutritional – Metabolic Pattern
  • Nausea, vomiting, no appetite.
  • Shows signs of dehydration, dry mucous membranes.
  • Cyanosis, a lot of sweat.
3. Elimination Pattern

4. Activity – Exercise Pattern
  • Activity is limited because of wheezing and shortness of breath.
  • Smoking habits.
  • Cough and mucus that is difficult to remove.
  • Use of accessory muscles during inspiration.
5. Cognitive – Perceptual Pattern
  • The extent to which the client's knowledge about the disease.
  • The ability to overcome the problem.
  • The weakening process of thinking.
6. Sleep – Rest Pattern
  • Lack of sleep complaints.
  • Tired from the attack of shortness of breath and cough.
7. Self-perception – Self-concept Pattern
  • Clients likely to reveal the strategy to overcome the attack, but was unable to cope if the attack comes.
8. Role – Relationship Pattern
  • Disruption role in the attack.
  • Feel embarrassed if there is an attack.
9. Seuality – Reproductive Pattern

10. Coping – Stress Tolerance Pattern
  • Deny.
  • Angry.
  • Desperate.
11. Value – Belief Pattern

Nursing Diagnosis for Asthma

  1. Ineffective Airway Clearance r / t increased production of secretions.
  2. Impaired gas exchange r / t O2 supply disruption.
  3. Activity intolerance (in performing self-care) r / t shortness of breath, and physical weakness.
  4. Risk for imbalanced Nutrition: less than body requirements r / t input inadequate: nausea, vomiting and loss of appetite.
  5. Anxiety r / t shortness of breath and scared.
  6. Ineffective breathing pattern r / t decline in lung expansion during acute attacks.
  7. Risk for infection r / t inadequate primary defense (cilia work and persistence decrease secretions).
  8. Knowledge deficit r / t lack of information.