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Self-care deficit of Parkinson's disease

Nursing Diagnosis for Parkinson's disease -  Self-care deficit

Parkinson's disease is a common disorder that arises due to some imperfection that amends the normal functioning of the central nervous system. The disease results in the loss of the neurons or nerve cells that contain dopamine in the substantia niera, the part of the brain that controls movement.

Parkinson's disease (Paralysis agitans) as described by James Parkinson in 1817 is characterized by degeneration of central nervous tissues, affecting the motor skills of a person, thereby impairing his (rarely her) movements and speech.

The causes of the disease have not been proven, the following factors increase the risk of Parkinson's;
  • Age
  • Male
  • Genetic link to a sufferer
  • Stress
  • Head trauma
  • Environmental exposure to pesticides
  • Rural living
  • High fat diet

There are also three factors that have been associated with a decreased risk of Parkinson's, these are cigarette smoking, anti-oxidants being present in diet and having measles early in life.

Parkinson's Disease Nursing Care Plan - Diagnosis Interventions
Nursing Diagnosis for Parkinson's disease -  Self-care deficit  related to neuromuscular weakness, decline in strength, loss of muscle control / coordination.

Goal: self-care clients are met

Expected results: the client can indicate a change of life for the needs of taking care of themselves, clients are able to do self-care activities in accordance with the level of ability, and identify personal / community that can help.

Nursing Interventions for Parkinson's Disease :
  • assess the ability and the rate of decline and the scale of 0-4 to perform ADL
  • avoid what not to do the client and help if needed.
  • collaborative provision of laxatives and consult a doctor of occupational therapy
  • teach and support the client during the client's activities
  • environmental modifications
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